Monday, January 13, 2020
Some people spend their entire lives in one place. Others move a number of times throughout their lives, looking for a better Job, house, community, or even climate. Which do you prefer: staying in one place or moving In search of another place? Use reasons and specific examples to support your opinion People are coming from varying communities with different backgrounds. Some of them prefer to stay and live In one country as long as they have a shelter, a decent lob, and good friends.However, others may prefer to move around looking for a better life and good living onditions. As far as I concerned, I give more advantage for the late opinion for some First of all, people who adopt traveling in their life are more likely to be reasons. successful and reach their ultimate goals. That is to say, if anyone dreamed to be distinguished, he/she should acquire wide information in his/her major. A biology field is one example that is required a biologist to have a clear vision and abundant i nformation about hormones, creatures, fossils, and so on In order to get a tremendous success.Therefore, moving from one place to another is a great way for im/ her to have a huge background and being exposed to different concepts and Another reason Is that these people who are familiar with moving perspectives. and changing their llvlng place acquire certain, unique characteristics that differs them from other people. Because these who have the tendency to live In more than one country are open minded, flexible, adaptable, and even cosmopolitan people. In my country for example which has one of the toughest regulations and tribal traditions is receiving more and more foreigners who are interested in living here for a while.When people asked them about their reasons, they might say to break the monotonous routine of their lives, maybe to be exposed with different cultures, or even to better off their financial means. In fact, changing the living place is a merit to enhance and devel op someone's personality. To sum up, Ã¢â¬ east or west home is best Ã¢â¬ is one way to convince ourselves to live In one place whether it's good for us or not. In contrary with ambitious people who believe In chasing their fortune whenever It goes. In my point of view, changing the residence Is good as long as we get the advantages and benefits from each experience we have.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
The Sociological Imagination is a book written by C. Wright Mills. In this book Mills coins the phrase sociological imagination and introduces it as being a way of sociologically examining any behavior humans do on a daily basis or any decision that they make throughout the day. Mills defines the sociological imagination as being a sort of combination between biography and history. By this Mills means that when examining a decision through a sociological imaginative perspective you must combine what historically has happened and how that effects your decision and what is going on in your life and how that effects your other decision. As a sociologist using the sociological imagination you can examine every behavior that any personÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Historically speaking however, the way you were viewed at AMERCO was sort by how many hours you were at work. This was how you showed your coworkers that you were dedicated to work and that you were working hard. VickyÃ¢â¬â ¢s view was much more like Taylorism meaning that it you are trying to maximize efficiency. Also as Hochschild states later in the chapter that Ã¢â¬Å" To be credible as an executive, Vicky worked inflexible, long hours.Ã¢â¬ (Hochschild 74). Gender is a big factor in the history factor of the sociological imagination. Through out history women were expected to be more nurturing and take care of all the business at home and that has become the norm. Lately, while this is still the way it is for the most part, more and more women are joining the work force and advancing towards the top of their respective companies, similarly to Vicky King. Perhaps one of the reasons that Vicky is working so hard and long is to sort of disprove or avoid this social norm that says that women have to always be the primary caretaker and show that as an executive she is very successful and that her children will still be successful even though she has not been there as much as a stay at home mother woul d have been. Historically men had been the main money-gainers in just about every household. And while VickyÃ¢â¬â¢s husband Kevin was a successful dentist, Vicky still kept climbing through the ranks at AMERCO and bringing home more money with each promotion. Perhaps Vicky is once again workingShow MoreRelatedThe Sociological Imagination Essay examples1118 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHaving written The Sociological Imagination in 1959, C. Wright Mills was brought up in a society far more different and archaic than the idea of contemporary society today. The ideals that were imparted to him during his lifetime provided a framework to the ideals that are imparted to people today; however, like all incarnations, processes and ideas adapted to situate themselves into the transitioning threads of society. Through his elaboration on the sociological imagination, C. Wright Mills portraysRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words Ã |Ã 922 Pages. Organization Theory Challenges and Perspectives John McAuley, Joanne Duberley and Phil Johnson . This book is, to my knowledge, the most comprehensive and reliable guide to organisational theory currently available. What is needed is a text that will give a good idea of the breadth and complexity of this important subject, and this is precisely what McAuley, Duberley and Johnson have provided. They have done some sterling service in bringing together the very diverse strands of workRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 PagesBrothers Cover Printer: Coral Graphics Text Font: 10/12 Weidemann-Book Credits and acknowledgments borrowed from other sources and reproduced, with permission, in this textbook appear on appropriate page within text. Copyright Ã © 2011, 2007, 2005, 2002, 1998 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission shouldRead MoreContemporary Issues in Management Accounting211377 Words Ã |Ã 846 PagesContemporary Issues in Management Accounting This page intentionally left blank Contemporary Issues in Management Accounting Edited by ALNOOR BHIMANI 1 Great Clarendon Street, Oxford ox2 6dp Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the UniversityÃ¢â¬â¢s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide in Oxford New York Auckland Cape Town Dar es Salaam Hong Kong Karachi Kuala Lumpur Madrid Melbourne MexicoRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesOrganizational Behavior This page intentionally left blank Organizational Behavior EDITION 15 Stephen P. Robbins Ã¢â¬âSan Diego State University Timothy A. Judge Ã¢â¬âUniversity of Notre Dame i3iEi35Bj! Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editorial Director: Sally Yagan Director of Editorial Services:Read MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 PagesE SSAYS ON TWENTIETH-C ENTURY H ISTORY In the series Critical Perspectives on the Past, edited by Susan Porter Benson, Stephen Brier, and Roy Rosenzweig Also in this series: Paula Hamilton and Linda Shopes, eds., Oral History and Public Memories Tiffany Ruby Patterson, Zora Neale Hurston and a History of Southern Life Lisa M. Fine, The Story of Reo Joe: Work, Kin, and Community in Autotown, U.S.A. Van Gosse and Richard Moser, eds., The World the Sixties Made: Politics and CultureRead MoreMarketing Mistakes and Successes175322 Words Ã |Ã 702 PagesAmy Scholz Carly DeCandia Alana Filipovich Jeof Vita Arthur Medina Allison Morris This book was set in 10/12 New Caledonia by AptaraÃ ®, Inc. and printed and bound by Courier/Westford. The cover was printed by Courier/Westford. This book is printed on acid-free paper. Copyright Ã © 2009, 2006, 2004, 2001, 1998, 1995, 1992, 1989, 1986, 1981, 1976 John Wiley Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form
Saturday, December 28, 2019
Summary Introduction 2 Implicit Definition Software 4 Cycle Software Development - Software Engineering 6 Software Requirements 8 Software Design 9 Software Construction 9 Software Testing 10 Software Maintence 10 Gamification 10 Understanding Gamification 10 Gamifiation x Software Development 12 Conclusion 15 Introduction Nowadays, the world is completely connected and independently of geographic position ou size, companies are influenced by situations that occur in other continents or countries. As a result, if companies want to a highligh position, inovation and new businesses models are required, especially if the objective is improve the brand and conquer the loyality of customers. Because this, many organizations find by new techniques to differentiate them from other companies. One new and important technique that has been highlighted in the last years is a metodology named Ã¢â¬ËGamificationÃ¢â¬â¢, a technique that uses methods of games in job activities. According to a research report conducted in 2011 (Laurence, 2011), Gartner (consulting firm focusing on processes of decision making) predicted that by the year 2015 more than half of organizations working with innovative methods will require methods of games in their internal processes. Consequently, a significant number of companies in the world will be using at least one application with features derived from games in the conduct of its business. This tendency to employ a mechanical interaction between people andShow MoreRelatedSoftware Engineering : Software Development Cycle2082 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSoftware Engineering Process When engineers design software, most engineers use a software development methodology known as the Software Development Cycle (SDLC). The process is a structure that is one my might is imposed on the software development community. There are a number of models for this process and all use a variety of methods, tasks, and activates during their own process. Here are two of the process models: Waterfall Process Ã¢â¬â this is where developers execute their steps or phases inRead MoreSoftware Engineering1599 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction to Software Engineering Somnuk Keretho, Assistant Professor Department of Computer Engineering Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University Email: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.cpe.ku.ac.th/~sk Somnuk Keretho/Kasetsart University Outline of this presentation Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ Scope of Software Engineering Object-Oriented Software Development Software Process Software Life-Cycle Models Object Orientation Software Quality Assessment Reference to Chapter 1/2/3Read MoreSoftware Engineering Frameworks And Methodologies1528 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCIS 4655 Software Engineering Term Paper on Software Engineering Frameworks and Methodologies By Damancharla Harini 1. Introduction: Describing software engineering can be a quite challenging task based on the purpose of the definition and the anticipated beneficiaries. Discussing about frameworks and methodologies in software engineering can be somewhat difficult under whatever circumstances because of various ways in which the issues regarding frameworks, processes and methodologiesRead MoreSoftware Reliability Of Software Standards1116 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSoftware reliability is dynamic stochastic. Unlike hardware, software does not age, wear out or rust, unreliability of software is mainly due to bugs or design faults in the software. The exact value of product reliability is never precisely known at any point in its lifetime. The study of software reliability can be categorized into three parts: Modeling, Measurement improvement. Many Models exist, but no single model can capture a necessary amount of software characteristics. Software reliabilityRead MoreHello World687 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesbusiness man ager, the project manager, programmers, development team, and end users. The business management normally consists of senior management (VP, President) and marketing (product manager). The project managers are responsible for tracking and controlling the progress of the project. Software engineers are responsible for developing and maintaining the software. Software development includes many tasks such as requirements gathering, software architecture and design, implementation, testingRead MoreSoftware Houses Use Agile Development1431 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMost of software houses use agile development methodologies such as XP and scrum to enhance its product quality, increase communication between teams, release products in short time and to participate its clients in software development life cycle. There are many problems usually occur, first problem the time spent between development of the software and to make it operational. Second problem is the difference between environments. There are two different environments; development environment isRead MoreSoftware Development : The Spiral Model Essay1039 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Software Development Software development is a discipline that all relate directly to the progress, improvements in productivity, and a lot of smart people working hard and generating significant benefits for businesses and society. But at the same time we note that projects often suffer delays and the expected results despite the talent and effort put into action by analysts, programmers and users so that the new system to function properly and on time are obtained. Spiral model In the spiralRead MorePredictive And Adaptive Models Life Cycle Models854 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPredictive or adaptive models life cycle models used by project managers for software development. These models describe the work completed and identify the next phase of the chosen life cycle. In software development, project managers may use either adaptive modeling if the requirements are not clearly known or predictive if there is accurate forecasting available in scope, time or budget. In systems development life cycle, a predictive model has systemic work done consecutively or congruentlyRead MoreSystem Development Life Cycle ( Sdlc ) Methodologies1448 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesvariety of systems that managers are now using to make and implement decisions (Alter, 1976). In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s businesses, systems development is a process of examining a business situation to analyze better procedures and methods to stay competitive. System development life cycle (SDLC) methodologies are prom oted as means of improving the management and control of the software development process, structuring and simplifying the process by specifying activities to be done and techniques to be used (Russo,Read MoreSoftware Development Life Cycle ( Sdlc )937 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSoftware Development Life Cycle Introduction Software Development Life Cycle, (SDLC) denotes the process used by software industries to design, develop and test high-quality software. SDLC is also referred to as Software development process and aims at producing high-quality software meeting or exceeding customerÃ¢â¬â¢s expectations, or that reaches completion within cost and times estimation. A system is a set of intermingling or dependent components that form a unified whole; it is a term that can get
Thursday, December 19, 2019
Forged in the fire of revolution and defined by manifest destiny, America has always been the land of the individual. Although the American dream has not always been consistent, (married with 2.5 kids, 2 cars, a dog and a satisfying job), the spirit of innovation, individuality and progress remains unchanged. The father of free verse, and perhaps the American perspective of poetry, Walt Whitman embodies these values in his life and work. First published in 1855 in Leaves of Grass, Song of Myself is a vision of a symbolic I enraptured by the senses, vicariously embracing all people and places from the Atlantic to the Pacific oceans. Sections 1 and 2, like the entirety of the piece, seek to reconcile the individual and the natural worldÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Also notable was the absence of any note on the cover identifying Walt Whitman as the author. Instead, engraved on the front is a portrait of Whitman, hat cocked, nonchalant and intimately personal. In his preface, Whitman heralds the coming of a new democratic literature, one that forms a commensurate with the people (preface). Whitman saw his poetry not only as a creation of the self, but indeed a piece of the self and a reflection of American society as a whole (Mulcaire 471). Whitman purposely left the cover unmarked because he regarded his poetry as a binding and universal understanding of which he was not the proprietor, but merely a participant in. More central to Whitmans purpose was his view of the poem as a means expressing his self in universal terms. Because of his background in the high volume production of literature, Terry Mulcaire theorizes that Whitman saw the mass distribution of his poetry as a means of universalizing an intimacy with his world: (W)e are now part of a living crowd who see the same Crossing Brooklyn Ferry, the same poem, the same book, the same product of an industrial culture that generations of readers have experienced. (Mulcaire 473) The intended result is that the person that Whitman, in this commodification, becomes inextricably meldedShow MoreRelatedWalt Whitman Poem Analysis978 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesConnotation- The poem was inspired by Walt Whitman, hence the free verse style of poetry. It was done solely out of inspiration as well, no other poet or poetess could compete with him, with regards to the complexity of his poems. Although this is nowhere near the genius of Whitman, it still resembles the poets work, through free verse. Nevertheless, the poem was written in free verse in order to sound scholarly, and although it may be tougher to create a poem that rhymes, it can also be said thatRead More walt whitman Essay1383 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Walt Whitman nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Walt Whitman was a follower of the two Transcendentalist Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau. He believed in Emerson and ThoreauÃ¢â¬â¢s Trascendentalist beliefs. Whitman believed that individualism stems from listening to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s inner voice and that oneÃ¢â¬â¢s life is guided by oneÃ¢â¬â¢s intuition. The Transcendentalist centered on the divinity of each individual; but this divinity could be self-discoveredRead MoreThe Father Of Free Verse By Walt Whitman2965 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesWalt Whitman, also known as the father of free verse was born in May of 1819 (Llanas p.11).Walt Whitman is considered to be one of the greatest poets and journalist of all time. Mr. Whitman became famous for his form of writing poetry and the many different kinds of genres he would pick. WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s oeuvre is considered some of the best of all time. No other author had ever used Ã¢â¬Å"free verseÃ¢â¬ when writing, which meant that the poetry had no rhyme and meter. He also possessed a profound sense of democracyRead MoreEssay Differences Between Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson3113 Words Ã |Ã 13 PagesDifferences Between Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinsons works have numerous differences. Compared to Dickinsons short and seemingly simple poems, Whitmans are long and often complex. Both pioneered their own unique style of writing. Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson both have been hailed as original and unique artists. They each have distinctive voices that many have attempted to replicate and have been unable to do so. Whitman wrote in epic like proportions; heRead MoreWalt Whitman and Abraham Lincoln3895 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesWalt Whitman and Abraham Lincoln Table of contents 1. IntroductionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦2 2. WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s position in American literatureÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦2 3. WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s poetry before the civil warÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...............3 4. LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s death Ã¢â¬â a turning point for WhitmanÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.6 5. Walt WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s four poems on the American nationÃ¢â¬â¢s griefÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦7 5.1 Hush d Be the Camps To-dayÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..7 5.2. When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom dÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦7 Read More The Democratic Value of Whitmans Leaves of Grass Essay3334 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesEarly reviews of Walt Whitmans Leaves of Grass evince an incipient awareness of the unifying and acutely democratic aspects of the poetry. An article in the November 13th, 1856, issue of the New York Daily Times describes the modest, self-published book of twelve seemingly formless poems: As we read it again and again, and we will confess that we have returned to it often, a singular order seems to arise out of its chaotic verses (2). The Daily Timess identification of order out of chaosRead MoreAnalysis Of Walt Whitman s What Came First The Chicken Or The Egg? 1739 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesTaylor Fink Professor Jonathan Cook English 231 10 July 2015 Emerson Vs. Whitman and Their Influence on Each Other When talking about Ralph Waldo Emerson and Walt Whitman a similar question of Ã¢â¬Å"What came first the chicken or the egg?Ã¢â¬ comes to mind. Scholars may argue that without Emerson and his influential sermons and speeches that Walt Whitman would have never found his voice, but how can someone who so many consider one of the greatest poets of all time cease to exist? Ralph Waldo Emerson knewRead MoreWalts Whitmans Vision of America in Leaves of Grass17685 Words Ã |Ã 71 PagesWalt WhitmanÃ¢â¬â¢s vision of America in Leaves of Grass ValentineÃ¢â¬ ©AbbetÃ¢â¬ © TRAVAILÃ¢â¬ ©DEÃ¢â¬ ©MATURITEÃ¢â¬ © Ã¢â¬ © SousÃ¢â¬ ©laÃ¢â¬ ©directionÃ¢â¬ ©dÃ¢â¬â¢AnneÃ¢â¬ ©RolandÃ¢â¬ WurzburgerÃ¢â¬ © GymnaseÃ¢â¬ ©duÃ¢â¬ ©Bugnon,Ã¢â¬ ©LausanneÃ¢â¬ © 2012Ã¢â¬ © Ã «I have sung the body and the soul, war and peace have I sung, and the songs of life and death, And the songs of birth, and shown that there are many births. I have offerd my style to every one, I have journeyd with confident step; While my pleasure is yet at the full I whisper So long!Ã » Walt Whitman, So Long !, Deathbed editionRead MoreWhat Came First The Chicken Or The Egg?2116 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesWhen talking about Ralph Waldo Emerson and Walt Whitman a similar question of Ã¢â¬Å"What came first the chicken or the egg?Ã¢â¬ comes to mind. Scholars may argue that without Emerson and his influential sermons and speeches that Walt Whitman would have never found his voice, but how can someone who so many consider one of the greatest poets of all time cease to exist? Ralph Waldo Emerson knew what he was doing when he published The Poet. It was an outcry for the American people to speak a truthful narrativeRead MoreChallenges in The Negro Artist and the Racial Mountain by Langston Hughes2027 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesaccording to their unique inclinations and perceptions. It is the differences in the world that empower and stimulate change and innovation, and African Americans should not feel that they are excluded from the power to inspire change with their individu ality solely because of their different skin color. The situation should be, according to Langston Hughes, quite the opposite. Those who are dedicated to the written word, specifically poets, traditionally have not been constrained by what society will
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Article for Parents should be Responsible for Children Violate Laws. Answer: Introduction As per parental responsibility legislations, there are laws which actually hold parents liable criminally for any negligence or not controlling a childs illicit acts. Basically the statute is not holding parents for the criminal acts of the child but for not controlling the child adequately. At the state, social and municipal levels this is a popular statute and is one of the many ways societies are contemplating how to reduce juvenile criminalist acts in kids. The basic concept behind this is that children who are living with their parents gets affected and strongly impacted by the activities of the parents. In USA, legal mechanisms have always help parents accountable for their childrens actions (Cahn, 1996; Humm, 1991). California is the world leader in enactment of punitive parental liability legislations. It introduced the Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention Act of the year 1988. Under this legal guardians or parents are liable when there are evidences of inadequate care , protection, supervision and control made on minor child (California Penal Code Section 272). Such punishments can be in the form of fines, misdemeanors to even probation of five years or imprisonment. Nine more states have passed legislations similar to this (Mildon, 1996). It is considered that how a child is born and brought up at home has an impact on the development of his or her mind or thoughts. Styles of Parenting and Its Effect on Children The style in which parents shape up the development of their children is a long lasting source of theory scientists, thinkers, philosophers and parents have been researching about. The outcome of such studies is huge. We have composed it and concluded that there are the following four styles of parenting (Utting, 2007). Psychological speaking these are authoritative, neglectful, permissive and authoritarian. Each of these has a different set of characteristics and builds up different reactions in children. Here we will discuss these styles and their effect on children. Authoritative parenting This is the most beneficial and highly accepted style of parenting. These are parents who have their expectations set very high from their children. However they make adjustments to these expectations keeping the well being of the child in consideration. Children undergoing this style of parenting often show great discipline and behavior in their day to day activities. Neglectful parenting One of the most damaging ways to look after children is being neglectful to their needs. This is different from rest all other ways and here either the parent recognizes, or a family or close friend. In such a situation the child suffers the most showing emotional issues, outbursts, behavioral problems, concentration problems and inability to mix with other children. Permissive parenting Permissive style of parenting has some damaging effects too. These are parents who indulge their children. Responsive but not depending, these parents do not like confrontations and hence become lenient in many demands of the children which they should not. Children of such parenting can show indiscipline and an attitude of not being reasonable or understanding. Authoritarian parenting- The other name given to authoritarian parenting is strict style of parenting. Here there are given less open dialogues in between the child and the parent. There are rules and the child is expected to follow those rules. Children under this style of parenting show a healthy development (Hughes, 2013). There is a need of an ideal parent in the world. A psychological parent can be the answer to this. Psychological parents work on the child on a day to day basis. Using communication, interaction, mutuality, and interplay and exchanging ideas they cover up the psychological and physical needs of their children. They are always there for the financial or emotional support of the child. How one can become a good psychological parent highly depends on how well one can bond emotionally with the child A child up to the age of 7 years is known to be a doli incapax. It means he or she is considered as defense of infancy. Hence during this age they are not responsible for their actions. And this is the right age to mould them to have the best of characters or nature. Education, knowledge, civil and moral sense of responsibility must be ingrained in a child by the parent anytime till he or she is 7 years because this is the time when they accept and believe everything said by a parent (Koocher, 1990). The entire world today is focused on raising and improving development of children in every way possible. A real world example can be given for General Powell who has committed his life and for the past decade have been providing time, financial resource, energy and creativity in improving life of children in the nation. Under the name of Americas Promise Alliance, Powell with his wife Alma Powell is advocating the needs of the younger generation (Anonymous). Parents to be Held Responsible Only Personally, the argument is in favor of the fact that parents should be held responsible for the actions of children. It is believed that it depends highly on the age of the child when he or she makes the crime and depending on that one can hold the parents as responsible. In the real world the right answer highly depends on the State where such an incident has occurred. Numerous cases of children stealing, calling for fake bombs, sexually assaulting or using a shotgun in schools made it call parents to be responsible for their kids actions. Almost 36 States today claims parents are responsible when kids break the law. In Tennessee a small 8 year girl child was shot dead by another 11 year boy kid over a fight for a puppy. During school lunch for a $10, a school boy was stabbed to death in London. High publicized juvenile crimes like shootings in schools have further increased awareness of parental responsibility (Fablo, 2008).There are many States which have adopted statutes of parental responsibility legislations based on their own locations. When such laws will be implemented universally, then it will provide enough data to analyze how effective they are. As per Graham "We have an adult problem, nota children problem .... If we can get our adults together, the children will naturally fall in line" (Graham, 2000). Conclusion From the exterior it is a belief that parents are to be held up for the crime committed by their children as the parents are totally responsible for the upbringing and education of the children. Their actions and behaviors have huge influence over the thought process, beliefs and actions showcased by the children. The primary reason for this is when a child starts learning things the parents are the first people they know and starts understanding. This has given the conception that if children do not behave properly it is because of the parents. If they commit a crime it is also because of the parents. It is considered that maybe parents have neglected them or they are simple bad parents. However there are ample cases that can be proved as evidence that even after parents doing everything for their child, giving them proper care, attention and education that tend to get attracted to the negative and gets tempted to commit a crime at a very young age. In such a situation there is no p oint to blame parents. Parents really do not have a complete control on their children. They cannot be with the children 24 by 7, not at school, not at their art classes and not while they are spending time with other kids on the block. Hence once again to conclude to blame a parent for the crime committed by their children one must look at the age and State where the incident has taken place. One must understand the lifestyle of the family in concern and then come to a fair conclusion. References Cahn, (1996). Pragmatic questions about parental liability statutes. Humm, R. (1991). Criminalizing poor parenting skills as a means to contain violence by and against children. University of Pennsylvania Law Review. Koocher, G. P. Keith- Spiegel, P. C. (1990). Children, Ethics, and the Law: Professional Issues and Cases. Graham. (2000). Parental Responsibility Laws: Let the Punishment Fit the Crime. Utting, D. (2007), Parenting and the different ways it can affect childrens lives: research evidence Hughes, E. (2013), Types of Parenting Styles and How to Identify Yours, Retrieved from https://my.vanderbilt.edu/developmentalpsychologyblog/2013/12/types-of-parenting-styles-and-how-to-identify-yours/Anonymous, Leadership of General Colin Powell and Alma Powell, Retrieved from https://www.americaspromise.org/leadership-general-colin-powell-and-alma-powell
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
The Effect Of Highspeed Trains On Society A major reason in favor of the construction of high-speed trains in America is to relieve airways and traffic congestion. First, delays at airports are costly. Larry Johnson, director of the Center for transportation Research at Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago, calculates that passengers lose more that twelve million hours each year in delays at OHare airport alone. In 1986, according to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) airlines, delays cost five billion dollars, including two billion in extra fuel and labor cost, for the ailing airline industry. According to the FAA, relieving airport congestion will cost one hundred and seventeen billion over the next decade (Mobey 14). Transportation planners predict that freeways will suffer from unbearable gridlock over the next two decades. Their conventional wisdom maintains that the U.S. cannot build out of this congestion. The Southern California Association of Governments says that daily commute time, in the Los Angeles ar ea will double by two thousand and twenty and unbearable present conditions on the freeways will become even worse. By two thousand and twenty, drives are expected to spend Seve nty percent of their time in stop-and-go traffic, as compared to fifty six percent today. Similar predictions have been made for metro areas around the country. Yet the best alternatives that they can offer are to spend billions more on public transport that hardly anyone will use and to try to force people into carpools that do not fit the ways they actually live and work (Samuel p 1). Highway traffic is also costly. Maintaining the interstate highway system could run three trillion dollars over the next several decades (Moberg 14). Urban congestion is a hidden tax on the productivity and welfare of urban areas everywhere. In areas like Los Angeles and New York, this tax is eight billion dollars per year; nationally, about fifty six billion per year. In the next twenty years, this insidious tax is projected to nearly double (Mallinckarodt p1). Bill Fay said, Cars stuck in traffic waste more fuel and emit more pollutants than cars that are moving(Dahl 4). High occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes are one of the primary tools used to reduce traffic congestion on the state highway system and improve air quality (HOV Lanes in California p1). The usual goal of HOV lane restrictions is to provide overall congestion, and emissions reduction (Mallinckdet. p 1). However, in recent years, HOV lanes effectiveness in achieving these goals has come in to question (HOV Lanes in California p1). When drivers use a highway, they do not pay the cost that they may be imposing on other drivers. Ideally, traffic should flow smoothly at the speed limit. However, as traffic increases, eventually the addition of one more vehicle will slow the flow and increase the travel time of other vehicles. At this point congestion (the negative externality) begins (Dahl p4). Sen Daniel Patrick Moynihan said, The train technology, offers great opportunities to reduce congestion in our surface and air transportation system (Clough 9). Thus building high-speed trains would aid the problem of increa sing congestion at Americas airports and on the highways. Those who argue against high-speed trains cite their negative effects to the environment. Environmental concerns have been raised with respect to high-speed rail. High-speed rails ability to materially reduce air pollution and energy consumption is dependent upon significantly reducing automobile and airline use ( Dahl p2). The FDOTs (Florida Department of Transportation) projections, anticipate so few people transferring from autos and air that any air pollution or energy gain would be inconsequential. Further, construction of major infrastructure projects consumes energy. It has been estimated that San Franciscos BART rapid transit system consumed more energy in construction than the future diversion from automobiles would save (Dahl p4). Burning fossil fuels, a process that expends approximately two times as much energy as it produces, generates most Florida electric power. Electric propulsion thus loses some of its advantage over fossil fuel propulsion (Johnson 2). Additionally F rench Champagne growers claim that high-speed rail embankments trap cold air, threatening their crops. A similar effect in Florida could make preservation of adjacent citrus crops more challenging (Dahl 1). However, students are now being educated on
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Assess the View That the Main Function of Religious Belief Is to Promote Social Stability free essay sample
Substantive definition (Max Weber) defines religion as a belief in a god or supernatural power, however this excludes Buddhism Functional definition (Emile Durkheim) defines religion as performing social or psychological functions of social integration, however this definition also applies to football fans. PARA 1: Functionalist agree: Durkheim Ã¢â¬â religious institutions help maintain social stability Ã¢â¬â distinguish between sacred ( things that inspire feeling of awe/wonder ) and profane (things that are ordinary and mundane) * Religion involves rituals in relation to the sacred Ã¢â¬â when people worshiping symbols they are actually worshiping society Ã¢â¬â all sacred symbols perform the function of uniting communities * Totemism (the practice of worshipping sacred objects) Ã¢â¬â Arunta tribe worship totem together and this creates shared identity and a sense of belonging that Durkheim calls collective conscience. HOWEVER in contemporary society there is a range of beliefs which can cause friction, keeping communities apart and posing a threat to social stability. PARA 2: * Functionalist agree: Malinowski Ã¢â¬â religion performs psychological functions, provides explanations and comport in situations of uncertainty e. We will write a custom essay sample on Assess the View That the Main Function of Religious Belief Is to Promote Social Stability or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page g in life crisis such as Death * Religion fulfils a need for security and relieves situations of emotional stress which could otherwise threaten social stability. Trobriand Islanders use rituals such as Ã¢â¬Ëcanoe magicÃ¢â¬â¢ when ocean fishing to ensure safety on a dangerous task. * HOWEVER Ã¢â¬ ¦ PARA 3: * Marxists Disagree: Religion functions serve capitalism. Karl Marx Ã¢â¬â sees religion as an ideology that is used as a weapon by the ruling class to justify suffering of poor as Ã¢â¬Ëgod-givenÃ¢â¬â¢ * Religion misleads poor into thinking they will be rewarded in the afterlife for their suffering Ã¢â¬â creates Ã¢â¬Ëfalse consciousnessÃ¢â¬â¢ * Lenin describes religion as the Ã¢â¬Ëspiritual ginÃ¢â¬â¢ which manipulates the masses to keep them from overthrowing the ruling class. HOWEVER: Marxists ignore the positive functions Ã¢â¬â too deterministic. Neo-Marxists argue that some forms of religion can assist class consciousness PARA 4: * Feminists Disagree: religion functions as a patriarchal ideology, it legitimates the subordination of women. * Evidence of patriarchy: religious organisations Ã¢â¬â male dominated, Karen Armstrong, womenÃ¢â¬â¢s exclusion from priesthood. Place of Worship Ã¢â¬â segregation of sexes, Jean Holm, in Islam menstruating women canÃ¢â¬â¢t attend prayer, devalues women. Religious Laws and Customs Ã¢â¬â women given fewer rights and legitimates women domestic/reproductive role, Woodhead, Catholic Church bans abortion and contraception, unease with women. * HOWEVER: El Saadawi argues that patriarchy impacted religion. Patriarchy made men reinterpret religion to oppress women, the rise of monotheism gave men more power. Woodhead Ã¢â¬â feminists use religion to gain freedom e. g. the hijab is a symbol of liberation for Muslim women. CONC: Secularisation: In modern society religion is having less influence Ã¢â¬â Robin Gill asked people Ã¢â¬Å"Would you describe yourself as being of any religion or denomination? Ã¢â¬ in 1950 23% replied no but in 1996 43% said no Ã¢â¬â on the whole religion has little function in society whether it is to maintain social stability or oppress workers/women * Postmodernism: Religions have no one main function in society e. g. social stability Ã¢â¬â people now choose the function they wish religion to have in their life Ã¢â¬â spiritual shopping/ Pick and Mix.